What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse


What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

A question I am often asked is "What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?" Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is common in women and what it does is to impact on bladder control. What I want you to know is that it won't get better on its own so you will need to seek help.

Your pelvic organs include the bladder, uterus and bowel. They are held in place by tissues called 'fascia' and 'ligaments'. These supporting tissues help to join your pelvic organs to the bony side walls of the pelvis and hold them inside your pelvis.

What Do My Pelvic Floor Muscles Do?

Your pelvic floor muscles hold up your pelvic organs from below. If your pelvic floor muscles are weak, then your pelvic organs might not be held in their right place. As a result, they may bulge or sag down into the vagina.

What are the Types of Prolapse?

1. Pelvic organs may bulge into the front wall of the vagina (cystocele).

2. Through the back vaginal wall (rectocele or enterocele).

3. The uterus may drop down into the vagina (uterine prolapse).

What are the Signs of Prolapse?

1. Urinary tract infections.

2. Difficulty emptying your bowel.

3. Heavy sensation or dragging in the vagina.

4. A lump bulging out of your vagina.

5. Your bladder not emptying as it should.

6. Weak urine stream.

7. Sexual problems (pain or less sensation).

What are the Causes of Prolapse?

Often it is childbirth that is the main cause of a prolapse. On the way through the vagina, the baby can stretch and tear the supporting tissues and pelvic floor muscles. The more vaginal births you have, the more likely you are to have a prolapse.

How to Prevent Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

What you can do is to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles.

Your pelvic floor muscles can be made stronger with the right exercises. And I will show you these exercises!

5 types of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

1. Cystyocele (bladder drops and bulges into the vaginal canal).

2. Rectocele (large bowel or rectum bulges into the vaginal wall).

3. Enterocele (intestines).

4. Vaginal vault (vagina caves in on itself, possibly after uterus is removed-hysterectomy).

5. Uterine (uterus).

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